¿Cómo usar un servidor de hora de Internet para obtener el tiempo?

Me gustaría obtener el GMT [Greenwich Mean Time], y tampoco quiero depender de la hora de mi sistema para eso. Básicamente, quiero usar el servidor de sincronización de tiempo como in.pool.ntp.org [india] para el cálculo de GMT, o puedo estar yendo en la dirección equivocada.
¿Cómo hacer esto en Java?

¿Hay alguna biblioteca de Java para obtener tiempo del servidor de tiempo?

sp0d no está del todo bien:

timeInfo.getReturnTime(); // Returns time at which time message packet was received by local machine 

Por lo tanto, solo devuelve la hora del sistema actual , no la recibida. Consulte la página man de TimeInfo .
Deberías usar

 timeInfo.getMessage().getTransmitTimeStamp().getTime(); 

en lugar.
Entonces el bloque de código será:

 String TIME_SERVER = "time-a.nist.gov"; NTPUDPClient timeClient = new NTPUDPClient(); InetAddress inetAddress = InetAddress.getByName(TIME_SERVER); TimeInfo timeInfo = timeClient.getTime(inetAddress); long returnTime = timeInfo.getMessage().getTransmitTimeStamp().getTime(); Date time = new Date(returnTime); 

Aquí hay un código que encontré alguna vez más … y lo estoy usando.

usa la biblioteca de Apache commons.

// Lista de servidores de tiempo: http://tf.nist.gov/service/time-servers.html

  import java.net.InetAddress; import java.util.Date; import org.apache.commons.net.ntp.NTPUDPClient; import org.apache.commons.net.ntp.TimeInfo; public class TimeLookup { public static void main() throws Exception { String TIME_SERVER = "time-a.nist.gov"; NTPUDPClient timeClient = new NTPUDPClient(); InetAddress inetAddress = InetAddress.getByName(TIME_SERVER); TimeInfo timeInfo = timeClient.getTime(inetAddress); long returnTime = timeInfo.getReturnTime(); Date time = new Date(returnTime); System.out.println("Time from " + TIME_SERVER + ": " + time); } } 

Devuelve el tiempo de salida de time-d.nist.gov: dom 25 de noviembre 06:04:34 IST 2012

Este enlace muestra una clase java llamada NtpMessage.java que puede pegar en su progtwig que recuperará la hora actual de un servidor NTP.

En el siguiente enlace, busque la sección “Adjunto” cerca de la parte inferior y descargue NtpMessage.java y SntpClient.java y péguelo en su aplicación java. Hará todo el trabajo y te buscará el tiempo.

http://support.ntp.org/bin/view/Support/JavaSntpClient

Copie y pegue el código si se cae:

 import java.text.DecimalFormat; import java.text.SimpleDateFormat; import java.util.Date; /** * This class represents a NTP message, as specified in RFC 2030. The message * format is compatible with all versions of NTP and SNTP. * * This class does not support the optional authentication protocol, and * ignores the key ID and message digest fields. * * For convenience, this class exposes message values as native Java types, not * the NTP-specified data formats. For example, timestamps are * stored as doubles (as opposed to the NTP unsigned 64-bit fixed point * format). * * However, the contructor NtpMessage(byte[]) and the method toByteArray() * allow the import and export of the raw NTP message format. * * * Usage example * * // Send message * DatagramSocket socket = new DatagramSocket(); * InetAddress address = InetAddress.getByName("ntp.cais.rnp.br"); * byte[] buf = new NtpMessage().toByteArray(); * DatagramPacket packet = new DatagramPacket(buf, buf.length, address, 123); * socket.send(packet); * * // Get response * socket.receive(packet); * System.out.println(msg.toString()); * * * This code is copyright (c) Adam Buckley 2004 * * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free * Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) * any later version. A HTML version of the GNU General Public License can be * seen at http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html * * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for * more details. * * * Comments for member variables are taken from RFC2030 by David Mills, * University of Delaware. * * Number format conversion code in NtpMessage(byte[] array) and toByteArray() * inspired by http://www.pps.jussieu.fr/~jch/enseignement/reseaux/ * NTPMessage.java which is copyright (c) 2003 by Juliusz Chroboczek * * @author Adam Buckley */ public class NtpMessage { /** * This is a two-bit code warning of an impending leap second to be * inserted/deleted in the last minute of the current day. It's values * may be as follows: * * Value Meaning * ----- ------- * 0 no warning * 1 last minute has 61 seconds * 2 last minute has 59 seconds) * 3 alarm condition (clock not synchronized) */ public byte leapIndicator = 0; /** * This value indicates the NTP/SNTP version number. The version number * is 3 for Version 3 (IPv4 only) and 4 for Version 4 (IPv4, IPv6 and OSI). * If necessary to distinguish between IPv4, IPv6 and OSI, the * encapsulating context must be inspected. */ public byte version = 3; /** * This value indicates the mode, with values defined as follows: * * Mode Meaning * ---- ------- * 0 reserved * 1 symmetric active * 2 symmetric passive * 3 client * 4 server * 5 broadcast * 6 reserved for NTP control message * 7 reserved for private use * * In unicast and anycast modes, the client sets this field to 3 (client) * in the request and the server sets it to 4 (server) in the reply. In * multicast mode, the server sets this field to 5 (broadcast). */ public byte mode = 0; /** * This value indicates the stratum level of the local clock, with values * defined as follows: * * Stratum Meaning * ---------------------------------------------- * 0 unspecified or unavailable * 1 primary reference (eg, radio clock) * 2-15 secondary reference (via NTP or SNTP) * 16-255 reserved */ public short stratum = 0; /** * This value indicates the maximum interval between successive messages, * in seconds to the nearest power of two. The values that can appear in * this field presently range from 4 (16 s) to 14 (16284 s); however, most * applications use only the sub-range 6 (64 s) to 10 (1024 s). */ public byte pollInterval = 0; /** * This value indicates the precision of the local clock, in seconds to * the nearest power of two. The values that normally appear in this field * range from -6 for mains-frequency clocks to -20 for microsecond clocks * found in some workstations. */ public byte precision = 0; /** * This value indicates the total roundtrip delay to the primary reference * source, in seconds. Note that this variable can take on both positive * and negative values, depending on the relative time and frequency * offsets. The values that normally appear in this field range from * negative values of a few milliseconds to positive values of several * hundred milliseconds. */ public double rootDelay = 0; /** * This value indicates the nominal error relative to the primary reference * source, in seconds. The values that normally appear in this field * range from 0 to several hundred milliseconds. */ public double rootDispersion = 0; /** * This is a 4-byte array identifying the particular reference source. * In the case of NTP Version 3 or Version 4 stratum-0 (unspecified) or * stratum-1 (primary) servers, this is a four-character ASCII string, left * justified and zero padded to 32 bits. In NTP Version 3 secondary * servers, this is the 32-bit IPv4 address of the reference source. In NTP * Version 4 secondary servers, this is the low order 32 bits of the latest * transmit timestamp of the reference source. NTP primary (stratum 1) * servers should set this field to a code identifying the external * reference source according to the following list. If the external * reference is one of those listed, the associated code should be used. * Codes for sources not listed can be contrived as appropriate. * * Code External Reference Source * ---- ------------------------- * LOCL uncalibrated local clock used as a primary reference for * a subnet without external means of synchronization * PPS atomic clock or other pulse-per-second source * individually calibrated to national standards * ACTS NIST dialup modem service * USNO USNO modem service * PTB PTB (Germany) modem service * TDF Allouis (France) Radio 164 kHz * DCF Mainflingen (Germany) Radio 77.5 kHz * MSF Rugby (UK) Radio 60 kHz * WWV Ft. Collins (US) Radio 2.5, 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz * WWVB Boulder (US) Radio 60 kHz * WWVH Kaui Hawaii (US) Radio 2.5, 5, 10, 15 MHz * CHU Ottawa (Canada) Radio 3330, 7335, 14670 kHz * LORC LORAN-C radionavigation system * OMEG OMEGA radionavigation system * GPS Global Positioning Service * GOES Geostationary Orbit Environment Satellite */ public byte[] referenceIdentifier = {0, 0, 0, 0}; /** * This is the time at which the local clock was last set or corrected, in * seconds since 00:00 1-Jan-1900. */ public double referenceTimestamp = 0; /** * This is the time at which the request departed the client for the * server, in seconds since 00:00 1-Jan-1900. */ public double originateTimestamp = 0; /** * This is the time at which the request arrived at the server, in seconds * since 00:00 1-Jan-1900. */ public double receiveTimestamp = 0; /** * This is the time at which the reply departed the server for the client, * in seconds since 00:00 1-Jan-1900. */ public double transmitTimestamp = 0; /** * Constructs a new NtpMessage from an array of bytes. */ public NtpMessage(byte[] array) { // See the packet format diagram in RFC 2030 for details leapIndicator = (byte) ((array[0] >> 6) & 0x3); version = (byte) ((array[0] >> 3) & 0x7); mode = (byte) (array[0] & 0x7); stratum = unsignedByteToShort(array[1]); pollInterval = array[2]; precision = array[3]; rootDelay = (array[4] * 256.0) + unsignedByteToShort(array[5]) + (unsignedByteToShort(array[6]) / 256.0) + (unsignedByteToShort(array[7]) / 65536.0); rootDispersion = (unsignedByteToShort(array[8]) * 256.0) + unsignedByteToShort(array[9]) + (unsignedByteToShort(array[10]) / 256.0) + (unsignedByteToShort(array[11]) / 65536.0); referenceIdentifier[0] = array[12]; referenceIdentifier[1] = array[13]; referenceIdentifier[2] = array[14]; referenceIdentifier[3] = array[15]; referenceTimestamp = decodeTimestamp(array, 16); originateTimestamp = decodeTimestamp(array, 24); receiveTimestamp = decodeTimestamp(array, 32); transmitTimestamp = decodeTimestamp(array, 40); } /** * Constructs a new NtpMessage in client -> server mode, and sets the * transmit timestamp to the current time. */ public NtpMessage() { // Note that all the other member variables are already set with // appropriate default values. this.mode = 3; this.transmitTimestamp = (System.currentTimeMillis()/1000.0) + 2208988800.0; } /** * This method constructs the data bytes of a raw NTP packet. */ public byte[] toByteArray() { // All bytes are automatically set to 0 byte[] p = new byte[48]; p[0] = (byte) (leapIndicator < < 6 | version << 3 | mode); p[1] = (byte) stratum; p[2] = (byte) pollInterval; p[3] = (byte) precision; // root delay is a signed 16.16-bit FP, in Java an int is 32-bits int l = (int) (rootDelay * 65536.0); p[4] = (byte) ((l >> 24) & 0xFF); p[5] = (byte) ((l >> 16) & 0xFF); p[6] = (byte) ((l >> 8) & 0xFF); p[7] = (byte) (l & 0xFF); // root dispersion is an unsigned 16.16-bit FP, in Java there are no // unsigned primitive types, so we use a long which is 64-bits long ul = (long) (rootDispersion * 65536.0); p[8] = (byte) ((ul >> 24) & 0xFF); p[9] = (byte) ((ul >> 16) & 0xFF); p[10] = (byte) ((ul >> 8) & 0xFF); p[11] = (byte) (ul & 0xFF); p[12] = referenceIdentifier[0]; p[13] = referenceIdentifier[1]; p[14] = referenceIdentifier[2]; p[15] = referenceIdentifier[3]; encodeTimestamp(p, 16, referenceTimestamp); encodeTimestamp(p, 24, originateTimestamp); encodeTimestamp(p, 32, receiveTimestamp); encodeTimestamp(p, 40, transmitTimestamp); return p; } /** * Returns a string representation of a NtpMessage */ public String toString() { String precisionStr = new DecimalFormat("0.#E0").format(Math.pow(2, precision)); return "Leap indicator: " + leapIndicator + "\n" + "Version: " + version + "\n" + "Mode: " + mode + "\n" + "Stratum: " + stratum + "\n" + "Poll: " + pollInterval + "\n" + "Precision: " + precision + " (" + precisionStr + " seconds)\n" + "Root delay: " + new DecimalFormat("0.00").format(rootDelay*1000) + " ms\n" + "Root dispersion: " + new DecimalFormat("0.00").format(rootDispersion*1000) + " ms\n" + "Reference identifier: " + referenceIdentifierToString(referenceIdentifier, stratum, version) + "\n" + "Reference timestamp: " + timestampToString(referenceTimestamp) + "\n" + "Originate timestamp: " + timestampToString(originateTimestamp) + "\n" + "Receive timestamp: " + timestampToString(receiveTimestamp) + "\n" + "Transmit timestamp: " + timestampToString(transmitTimestamp); } /** * Converts an unsigned byte to a short. By default, Java assumes that * a byte is signed. */ public static short unsignedByteToShort(byte b) { if((b & 0x80)==0x80) return (short) (128 + (b & 0x7f)); else return (short) b; } /** * Will read 8 bytes of a message beginning at pointer * and return it as a double, according to the NTP 64-bit timestamp * format. */ public static double decodeTimestamp(byte[] array, int pointer) { double r = 0.0; for(int i=0; i<8; i++) { r += unsignedByteToShort(array[pointer+i]) * Math.pow(2, (3-i)*8); } return r; } /** * Encodes a timestamp in the specified position in the message */ public static void encodeTimestamp(byte[] array, int pointer, double timestamp) { // Converts a double into a 64-bit fixed point for(int i=0; i<8; i++) { // 2^24, 2^16, 2^8, .. 2^-32 double base = Math.pow(2, (3-i)*8); // Capture byte value array[pointer+i] = (byte) (timestamp / base); // Subtract captured value from remaining total timestamp = timestamp - (double) (unsignedByteToShort(array[pointer+i]) * base); } // From RFC 2030: It is advisable to fill the non-significant // low order bits of the timestamp with a random, unbiased // bitstring, both to avoid systematic roundoff errors and as // a means of loop detection and replay detection. array[7] = (byte) (Math.random()*255.0); } /** * Returns a timestamp (number of seconds since 00:00 1-Jan-1900) as a * formatted date/time string. */ public static String timestampToString(double timestamp) { if(timestamp==0) return "0"; // timestamp is relative to 1900, utc is used by Java and is relative // to 1970 double utc = timestamp - (2208988800.0); // milliseconds long ms = (long) (utc * 1000.0); // date/time String date = new SimpleDateFormat("dd-MMM-yyyy HH:mm:ss").format(new Date(ms)); // fraction double fraction = timestamp - ((long) timestamp); String fractionSting = new DecimalFormat(".000000").format(fraction); return date + fractionSting; } /** * Returns a string representation of a reference identifier according * to the rules set out in RFC 2030. */ public static String referenceIdentifierToString(byte[] ref, short stratum, byte version) { // From the RFC 2030: // In the case of NTP Version 3 or Version 4 stratum-0 (unspecified) // or stratum-1 (primary) servers, this is a four-character ASCII // string, left justified and zero padded to 32 bits. if(stratum==0 || stratum==1) { return new String(ref); } // In NTP Version 3 secondary servers, this is the 32-bit IPv4 // address of the reference source. else if(version==3) { return unsignedByteToShort(ref[0]) + "." + unsignedByteToShort(ref[1]) + "." + unsignedByteToShort(ref[2]) + "." + unsignedByteToShort(ref[3]); } // In NTP Version 4 secondary servers, this is the low order 32 bits // of the latest transmit timestamp of the reference source. else if(version==4) { return "" + ((unsignedByteToShort(ref[0]) / 256.0) + (unsignedByteToShort(ref[1]) / 65536.0) + (unsignedByteToShort(ref[2]) / 16777216.0) + (unsignedByteToShort(ref[3]) / 4294967296.0)); } return ""; } }