¿Cómo funciona Google Instant?

¿Alguna idea sobre cómo funciona exactamente la nueva búsqueda instantánea de Google? Parece que solo se trata de llamadas AJAX a la búsqueda anterior, pero es bastante difícil simplificar Google tanto. Alguien tiene especulaciones?

EDITAR: Sé que se envía AJAX con cada pulsación de tecla, pero ¿es predictivo? ¿O crees que es solo una búsqueda habitual en Google?

ACTUALIZACIÓN: Google acaba de publicar un artículo de blog llamado Google Instant, detrás de escena . Es una lectura interesante, y obviamente relacionada con esta pregunta. Puede leer cómo abordaron la carga adicional (5-7X según el artículo) en el lado del servidor, por ejemplo. La siguiente respuesta examina lo que sucede en el lado del cliente:


Examinando con Firebug , Google está haciendo una solicitud Ajax GET en cada tecla presionada:

Búsqueda instantánea de Google

Supongo que está funcionando de la misma manera que la finalización automática. Sin embargo, esta vez, también devuelve los resultados de búsqueda de la frase de búsqueda parcialmente completa en formato JSON .

Examinando una de las respuestas JSON mientras escribes “Stack Overflow”:

Potros de búsqueda instantánea de Google

Podemos ver que la respuesta JSON contiene el contenido para construir los resultados de búsqueda a medida que escribimos.

Las respuestas JSON formateadas se parecen a esto:

{ e: "j9iHTLXlLNmXOJLQ3cMO", c: 1, u: "http://www.google.com/search?hl\x3den\x26expIds\x3d17259,24472,24923,25260,25901,25907,26095,26446,26530\x26sugexp\x3dldymls\x26xhr\x3dt\x26q\x3dStack%20Overflow\x26cp\x3d6\x26pf\x3dp\x26sclient\x3dpsy\x26aq\x3df\x26aqi\x3dg4g-o1\x26aql\x3d\x26oq\x3dStack+\x26gs_rfai\x3d\x26pbx\x3d1\x26fp\x3df97fdf10596ae095\x26tch\x3d1\x26ech\x3d1\x26psi\x3dj9iHTO3xBo2CONvDzaEO12839712156911", d: "\x3clink rel\x3dprefetch href\x3d\x22http://stackoverflow.com/\x22\x3e\x3cscript\x3eje.pa(_loc, \x27rso\x27, \x27\\x3c!--m--\\x3e\\x3clink rel\\x3dprefetch href\\x3d\\x22http://stackoverflow.com/\\x22\\x3e\\x3cli class\\x3dg\\x3e\\x3ch3 class\\x3d\\x22r\\x22\\x3e\\x3ca href\\x3d\\x22http://stackoverflow.com/\\x22 class\\x3dl onmousedown\\x3d\\x22return rwt(this,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x271\\x27,\\x27AFQjCNERidL9Hb6OvGW93_Y6MRj3aTdMVA\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x270CBYQFjAA\\x27)\\x22\\x3e\\x3cem\\x3eStack Overflow\\x3c/em\\x3e\\x3c/a\\x3e\\x3c/h3\\x3e\\x3cdiv class\\x3d\\x22s\\x22\\x3eA language-independent collaboratively edited question and answer site for programmers.\\x3cbr\\x3e\\x3cspan class\\x3df\\x3e\\x3ccite\\x3e\\x3cb\\x3estackoverflow\\x3c/b\\x3e.com/\\x3c/cite\\x3e - \\x3cspan class\\x3dgl\\x3e\\x3ca href\\x3d\\x22http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q\\x3dcache:U1GC2GYOToIJ:stackoverflow.com/+Stack+Overflow\\x26amp;cd\\x3d1\\x26amp;hl\\x3den\\x26amp;ct\\x3dclnk\\x22 onmousedown\\x3d\\x22return rwt(this,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x271\\x27,\\x27AFQjCNFfKMag7Tq8CMbbfu8Gcj_GjukTbA\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x270CBgQIDAA\\x27)\\x22\\x3eCached\\x3c/a\\x3e - \\x3ca href\\x3d\\x22/search?hl\\x3den\\x26amp;q\\x3drelated:stackoverflow.com/+Stack+Overflow\\x26amp;tbo\\x3d1\\x26amp;sa\\x3dX\\x26amp;ei\\x3dj9iHTLXlLNmXOJLQ3cMO\\x26amp;sqi\\x3d2\\x26amp;ved\\x3d0CBkQHzAA\\x22\\x3eSimilar\\x3c/a\\x3e\\x3c/span\\x3e\\x3c/span\\x3e\\x3cbr\\x3e\\x3ctable class\\x3dslk style\\x3d\\x22border-collapse:collapse;margin-top:4px\\x22\\x3e\\x3ctr\\x3e\\x3ctd style\\x3d\\x22padding-left:14px;vertical-align:top\\x22\\x3e\\x3cdiv class\\x3dsld\\x3e\\x3ca class\\x3dsla href\\x3d\\x22http://stackoverflow.com/questions\\x22 onmousedown\\x3d\\x22return rwt(this,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x271\\x27,\\x27AFQjCNHmP78gEctJKvBrydP2c52F_FEjvA\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x270CBoQqwMoADAA\\x27)\\x22\\x3eQuestions\\x3c/a\\x3e\\x3c/div\\x3e\\x3cdiv class\\x3dsld\\x3e\\x3ca class\\x3dsla href\\x3d\\x22http://stackoverflow.com/questions/ask\\x22 onmousedown\\x3d\\x22return rwt(this,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x271\\x27,\\x27AFQjCNGZF-qwWVTZOWPlr4vgSA7qB64LLQ\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x270CBsQqwMoATAA\\x27)\\x22\\x3eAsk Question\\x3c/a\\x3e\\x3c/div\\x3e\\x3cdiv class\\x3dsld\\x3e\\x3ca class\\x3dsla href\\x3d\\x22http://stackoverflow.com/users/135152/omg-ponies\\x22 onmousedown\\x3d\\x22return rwt(this,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x271\\x27,\\x27AFQjCNE9zo6Qi_AM1bjmPGeMGfbnPi3niA\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x270CBwQqwMoAjAA\\x27)\\x22\\x3eOMG Ponies\\x3c/a\\x3e\\x3c/div\\x3e\\x3cdiv class\\x3dsld\\x3e\\x3ca class\\x3dsla href\\x3d\\x22http://careers.stackoverflow.com/\\x22 onmousedown\\x3d\\x22return rwt(this,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x271\\x27,\\x27AFQjCNEaqlBrfDcc1gdPZ6dgthff0s5WmA\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x270CB0QqwMoAzAA\\x27)\\x22\\x3eCareers\\x3c/a\\x3e\\x3c/div\\x3e\\x3ctd style\\x3d\\x22padding-left:14px;vertical-align:top\\x22\\x3e\\x3cdiv class\\x3dsld\\x3e\\x3ca class\\x3dsla href\\x3d\\x22http://stackoverflow.com/about\\x22 onmousedown\\x3d\\x22return rwt(this,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x271\\x27,\\x27AFQjCNEqgPttrXj3r4o3TZHX5WaWvFe1HQ\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x270CB4QqwMoBDAA\\x27)\\x22\\x3eAbout\\x3c/a\\x3e\\x3c/div\\x3e\\x3cdiv class\\x3dsld\\x3e\\x3ca class\\x3dsla href\\x3d\\x22http://stackoverflow.com/faq\\x22 onmousedown\\x3d\\x22return rwt(this,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x271\\x27,\\x27AFQjCNF3X3eRc0RsxYynXZhhbyYkuKWZ5g\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x270CB8QqwMoBTAA\\x27)\\x22\\x3eThe FAQ\\x3c/a\\x3e\\x3c/div\\x3e\\x3cdiv class\\x3dsld\\x3e\\x3ca class\\x3dsla href\\x3d\\x22http://blog.stackoverflow.com/\\x22 onmousedown\\x3d\\x22return rwt(this,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x271\\x27,\\x27AFQjCNG7KphjK6RuC5cj-6U5jeuvipt5dg\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x270CCAQqwMoBjAA\\x27)\\x22\\x3eBlog\\x3c/a\\x3e\\x3c/div\\x3e\\x3cdiv class\\x3dsld\\x3e\\x3ca class\\x3dsla href\\x3d\\x22http://stackoverflow.com/users\\x22 onmousedown\\x3d\\x22return rwt(this,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x271\\x27,\\x27AFQjCNFfN_wcGm4HE5XpDxvcH4bIrkv2dw\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x270CCEQqwMoBzAA\\x27)\\x22\\x3eUsers\\x3c/a\\x3e\\x3c/div\\x3e\\x3ctr\\x3e\\x3ctd colspan\\x3d2 style\\x3d\\x22padding-left:14px;vertical-align:top\\x22\\x3e\\x3cdiv style\\x3d\\x22padding-top:6px\\x22\\x3e\\x3ca class\\x3dfl href\\x3d\\x22/search?hl\\x3den\\x26amp;q\\x3d+site:stackoverflow.com+Stack+Overflow\\x26amp;sa\\x3dX\\x26amp;ei\\x3dj9iHTLXlLNmXOJLQ3cMO\\x26amp;sqi\\x3d2\\x26amp;ved\\x3d0CCIQrAM\\x22\\x3eMore results from stackoverflow.com\\x26nbsp;\\x26raquo;\\x3c/a\\x3e\\x3c/div\\x3e\\x3c/table\\x3e\\x3c/div\\x3e\\x3c!--n--\\x3e\\x3c!--m--\\x3e\\x3cli class\\x3dg\\x3e\\x3ch3 class\\x3d\\x22r\\x22\\x3e\\x3ca href\\x3d\\x22http://stackoverflow.com/questions\\x22 class\\x3dl onmousedown\\x3d\\x22return rwt(this,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x272\\x27,\\x27AFQjCNHmP78gEctJKvBrydP2c52F_FEjvA\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x270CCUQFjAB\\x27)\\x22\\x3eHottest Questions - \\x3cem\\x3eStack Overflow\\x3c/em\\x3e\\x3c/a\\x3e\\x3c/h3\\x3e\\x3cdiv class\\x3d\\x22s\\x22\\x3eHello \\x3cem\\x3eStack Overflow\\x3c/em\\x3e! 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First, I wanted a dorky programming-related domain \\x3cb\\x3e...\\x3c/b\\x3e\\x3cbr\\x3e\\x3cspan class\\x3df\\x3e\\x3ccite\\x3e\\x3cb\\x3estackoverflow\\x3c/b\\x3e.org/\\x3c/cite\\x3e - \\x3cspan class\\x3dgl\\x3e\\x3ca href\\x3d\\x22http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q\\x3dcache:u0dIlJW-XMYJ:stackoverflow.org/+Stack+Overflow\\x26amp;cd\\x3d9\\x26amp;hl\\x3den\\x26amp;ct\\x3dclnk\\x22 onmousedown\\x3d\\x22return rwt(this,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x279\\x27,\\x27AFQjCNHcJcV2QVybr6voztyPwHCrNOOD1w\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x270CEMQIDAI\\x27)\\x22\\x3eCached\\x3c/a\\x3e - \\x3ca href\\x3d\\x22/search?hl\\x3den\\x26amp;q\\x3drelated:stackoverflow.org/+Stack+Overflow\\x26amp;tbo\\x3d1\\x26amp;sa\\x3dX\\x26amp;ei\\x3dj9iHTLXlLNmXOJLQ3cMO\\x26amp;sqi\\x3d2\\x26amp;ved\\x3d0CEQQHzAI\\x22\\x3eSimilar\\x3c/a\\x3e\\x3c/span\\x3e\\x3c/span\\x3e\\x3c/div\\x3e\\x3c!--n--\\x3e\\x3c!--m--\\x3e\\x3cli class\\x3dg\\x3e\\x3ch3 class\\x3d\\x22r\\x22\\x3e\\x3ca href\\x3d\\x22http://embeddedgurus.com/stack-overflow/\\x22 class\\x3dl onmousedown\\x3d\\x22return rwt(this,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x2710\\x27,\\x27AFQjCNFYQ5E8irNUCpRsbOHHyfc0oqGpWw\\x27,\\x27\\x27,\\x270CEUQFjAJ\\x27)\\x22\\x3e\\x3cem\\x3eStack Overflow\\x3c/em\\x3e\\x3c/a\\x3e\\x3c/h3\\x3e\\x3cdiv class\\x3d\\x22s\\x22\\x3e\\x3cem\\x3eStack Overflow\\x3c/em\\x3e. 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Otras lecturas no técnicas:

  • Google Adwords – ¿Qué es Google Instant?
  • Acerca de Google Instant

Como han dicho otros, Google devuelve instantáneamente los resultados para el resultado principal de lo que Google Suggest sugiere . Por lo tanto, si escribe fac , Google sugiere que está escribiendo en Facebook . Curiosamente, solo el término de búsqueda parcial, fac , se envía a Google en la solicitud JSON, por lo que Google Suggest se usa en ambos extremos.

Las búsquedas no se realizan en realidad con cada pulsación de tecla. Si escribe lo suficientemente rápido, algunos pueden perderse.

Sospecho que esto no aumenta la carga en los servidores de Google tanto como se podría pensar. La mayoría de las búsquedas adicionales son para palabras muy populares cuando comienzas a escribir cosas; si comienzas a buscar algo que comienza con f , buscará facebook , si comienzas a buscar algo que empiece con ju , buscará justin bieber . Gracias al almacenamiento en caché, estas búsquedas no son muy costosas de hacer.

Es predictivo. Los resultados de búsqueda son de la primera sugerencia de autocompletar (o la seleccionada si presiona la flecha hacia abajo o el mouse sobre una sugerencia).

En otras palabras, si escribo “vinilo s”, la primera sugerencia de autocompletar es “revestimiento de vinilo” y los resultados de búsqueda muestran claramente una búsqueda de “revestimiento de vinilo”. Si realizo una búsqueda normal de Google para “vinilos”, los resultados de búsqueda son diferentes.

Así que google instantáneo es predictivo de una manera que las búsquedas normales de Google no son … busca la autocompletación sugerida en lugar de la consulta de búsqueda literal sin terminar.

La conversión del primer valor de la tecla u en la respuesta Ajax de la respuesta de Daniel Vassallo da una URL , que luego conduce a un JSON (inválido). No estoy seguro de para qué sirve este bit.

La d proporciona algo de HTML, que se inserta en la página. Aquí hay una versión ligeramente descomprimida . Se trata principalmente de una etiqueta de secuencia de comandos, que pasa en 2 fragmentos más de HTML a una función je.pa() . Estos fragmentos parecen ser los mismos que los resultados de búsqueda no instantáneos.

Hace un tiempo, escribí una GUI de búsqueda instantánea vagamente popular para el motor de búsqueda Solr. Es realmente simple, así que deberías poder mirar el código y entender los conceptos generales http://fergiemcdowall.github.io/solrstrap/