Usando el cifrado AES en C #

Parece que no puedo encontrar un buen ejemplo claro del uso del cifrado AES de 128 bits.

¿Alguien tiene algún código de muestra?

    Si solo desea utilizar el proveedor de cifrado integrado RijndaelManaged, consulte el siguiente artículo de ayuda (también tiene una muestra de código simple):

    http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.security.cryptography.rijndaelmanaged.aspx

    Y en caso de que necesite la muestra con prisa, aquí está en toda su gloria plagiada:

    using System; using System.IO; using System.Security.Cryptography; namespace RijndaelManaged_Example { class RijndaelExample { public static void Main() { try { string original = "Here is some data to encrypt!"; // Create a new instance of the RijndaelManaged // class. This generates a new key and initialization // vector (IV). using (RijndaelManaged myRijndael = new RijndaelManaged()) { myRijndael.GenerateKey(); myRijndael.GenerateIV(); // Encrypt the string to an array of bytes. byte[] encrypted = EncryptStringToBytes(original, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV); // Decrypt the bytes to a string. string roundtrip = DecryptStringFromBytes(encrypted, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV); //Display the original data and the decrypted data. Console.WriteLine("Original: {0}", original); Console.WriteLine("Round Trip: {0}", roundtrip); } } catch (Exception e) { Console.WriteLine("Error: {0}", e.Message); } } static byte[] EncryptStringToBytes(string plainText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV) { // Check arguments. if (plainText == null || plainText.Length < = 0) throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText"); if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0) throw new ArgumentNullException("Key"); if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0) throw new ArgumentNullException("IV"); byte[] encrypted; // Create an RijndaelManaged object // with the specified key and IV. using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged()) { rijAlg.Key = Key; rijAlg.IV = IV; // Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform. ICryptoTransform encryptor = rijAlg.CreateEncryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV); // Create the streams used for encryption. using (MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream()) { using (CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write)) { using (StreamWriter swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt)) { //Write all data to the stream. swEncrypt.Write(plainText); } encrypted = msEncrypt.ToArray(); } } } // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream. return encrypted; } static string DecryptStringFromBytes(byte[] cipherText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV) { // Check arguments. if (cipherText == null || cipherText.Length <= 0) throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText"); if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0) throw new ArgumentNullException("Key"); if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0) throw new ArgumentNullException("IV"); // Declare the string used to hold // the decrypted text. string plaintext = null; // Create an RijndaelManaged object // with the specified key and IV. using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged()) { rijAlg.Key = Key; rijAlg.IV = IV; // Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform. ICryptoTransform decryptor = rijAlg.CreateDecryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV); // Create the streams used for decryption. using (MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(cipherText)) { using (CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read)) { using (StreamReader srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt)) { // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream // and place them in a string. plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd(); } } } } return plaintext; } } } 

    Recientemente tuve que enfrentarme a esto nuevamente en mi propio proyecto, y quería compartir el código algo más simple que he estado usando, ya que esta pregunta y serie de respuestas seguían apareciendo en mis búsquedas.

    No me voy a adentrar en las preocupaciones de seguridad sobre la frecuencia con la que se actualizan elementos como el vector de sal y de inicialización : ese es un tema para un foro de seguridad, y hay algunos recursos geniales que hay que mirar. Esto es simplemente un bloque de código para implementar AesManaged en C #.

     using System; using System.IO; using System.Security.Cryptography; using System.Text; namespace Your.Namespace.Security { public static class Cryptography { #region Settings private static int _iterations = 2; private static int _keySize = 256; private static string _hash = "SHA1"; private static string _salt = "aselrias38490a32"; // Random private static string _vector = "8947az34awl34kjq"; // Random #endregion public static string Encrypt(string value, string password) { return Encrypt(value, password); } public static string Encrypt(string value, string password) where T : SymmetricAlgorithm, new() { byte[] vectorBytes = GetBytes(_vector); byte[] saltBytes = GetBytes(_salt); byte[] valueBytes = GetBytes(value); byte[] encrypted; using (T cipher = new T()) { PasswordDeriveBytes _passwordBytes = new PasswordDeriveBytes(password, saltBytes, _hash, _iterations); byte[] keyBytes = _passwordBytes.GetBytes(_keySize / 8); cipher.Mode = CipherMode.CBC; using (ICryptoTransform encryptor = cipher.CreateEncryptor(keyBytes, vectorBytes)) { using (MemoryStream to = new MemoryStream()) { using (CryptoStream writer = new CryptoStream(to, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write)) { writer.Write(valueBytes, 0, valueBytes.Length); writer.FlushFinalBlock(); encrypted = to.ToArray(); } } } cipher.Clear(); } return Convert.ToBase64String(encrypted); } public static string Decrypt(string value, string password) { return Decrypt(value, password); } public static string Decrypt(string value, string password) where T : SymmetricAlgorithm, new() { byte[] vectorBytes = GetBytes(_vector); byte[] saltBytes = GetBytes(_salt); byte[] valueBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(value); byte[] decrypted; int decryptedByteCount = 0; using (T cipher = new T()) { PasswordDeriveBytes _passwordBytes = new PasswordDeriveBytes(password, saltBytes, _hash, _iterations); byte[] keyBytes = _passwordBytes.GetBytes(_keySize / 8); cipher.Mode = CipherMode.CBC; try { using (ICryptoTransform decryptor = cipher.CreateDecryptor(keyBytes, vectorBytes)) { using (MemoryStream from = new MemoryStream(valueBytes)) { using (CryptoStream reader = new CryptoStream(from, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read)) { decrypted = new byte[valueBytes.Length]; decryptedByteCount = reader.Read(decrypted, 0, decrypted.Length); } } } } catch (Exception ex) { return String.Empty; } cipher.Clear(); } return Encoding.UTF8.GetString(decrypted, 0, decryptedByteCount); } } } 

    El código es muy simple de usar. Literalmente solo requiere lo siguiente:

     string encrypted = Cryptography.Encrypt(data, "testpass"); string decrypted = Cryptography.Decrypt(encrypted, "testpass"); 

    Por defecto, la implementación usa AesManaged, pero también podría insertar cualquier otro SymmetricAlgorithm . Se puede encontrar una lista de los heredadores SymmetricAlgorithm disponibles para .NET 4.5 en:

    http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.security.cryptography.symmetricalgorithm.aspx

    Hasta el momento de esta publicación, la lista actual incluye:

    • AesManaged
    • RijndaelManaged
    • DESCryptoServiceProvider
    • RC2CryptoServiceProvider
    • TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider

    Para usar RijndaelManaged con el código anterior, como ejemplo, usaría:

     string encrypted = Cryptography.Encrypt(dataToEncrypt, password); string decrypted = Cryptography.Decrypt(encrypted, password); 

    Espero que esto sea útil para alguien allá afuera.

    Mira la muestra aquí …

    http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.security.cryptography.rijndaelmanaged(v=VS.100).aspx#Y2262

    El ejemplo en MSDN no se ejecuta normalmente (se produce un error) porque no hay un valor inicial de Vector inicial (iv) y Clave . Agregué 2 líneas de código y ahora trabajo normalmente.

    Más detalles ver a continuación:

     using System.Windows.Forms; using System; using System.Text; using System.IO; using System.Security.Cryptography; namespace AES_TESTER { public partial class Form1 : Form { public Form1() { InitializeComponent(); } private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e) { try { string original = "Here is some data to encrypt!"; MessageBox.Show("Original: " + original); // Create a new instance of the RijndaelManaged // class. This generates a new key and initialization // vector (IV). using (RijndaelManaged myRijndael = new RijndaelManaged()) { myRijndael.GenerateKey(); myRijndael.GenerateIV(); // Encrypt the string to an array of bytes. byte[] encrypted = EncryptStringToBytes(original, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV); StringBuilder s = new StringBuilder(); foreach (byte item in encrypted) { s.Append(item.ToString("X2") + " "); } MessageBox.Show("Encrypted: " + s); // Decrypt the bytes to a string. string decrypted = DecryptStringFromBytes(encrypted, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV); //Display the original data and the decrypted data. MessageBox.Show("Decrypted: " + decrypted); } } catch (Exception ex) { MessageBox.Show("Error: {0}", ex.Message); } } static byte[] EncryptStringToBytes(string plainText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV) { // Check arguments. if (plainText == null || plainText.Length < = 0) throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText"); if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0) throw new ArgumentNullException("Key"); if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0) throw new ArgumentNullException("Key"); byte[] encrypted; // Create an RijndaelManaged object // with the specified key and IV. using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged()) { rijAlg.Key = Key; rijAlg.IV = IV; rijAlg.Mode = CipherMode.CBC; rijAlg.Padding = PaddingMode.Zeros; // Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform. ICryptoTransform encryptor = rijAlg.CreateEncryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV); // Create the streams used for encryption. using (MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream()) { using (CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write)) { using (StreamWriter swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt)) { //Write all data to the stream. swEncrypt.Write(plainText); } encrypted = msEncrypt.ToArray(); } } } // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream. return encrypted; } static string DecryptStringFromBytes(byte[] cipherText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV) { // Check arguments. if (cipherText == null || cipherText.Length <= 0) throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText"); if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0) throw new ArgumentNullException("Key"); if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0) throw new ArgumentNullException("Key"); // Declare the string used to hold // the decrypted text. string plaintext = null; // Create an RijndaelManaged object // with the specified key and IV. using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged()) { rijAlg.Key = Key; rijAlg.IV = IV; rijAlg.Mode = CipherMode.CBC; rijAlg.Padding = PaddingMode.Zeros; // Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform. ICryptoTransform decryptor = rijAlg.CreateDecryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV); // Create the streams used for decryption. using (MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(cipherText)) { using (CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read)) { using (StreamReader srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt)) { // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream // and place them in a string. plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd(); } } } } return plaintext; } } } 

    ¿Usando AES o implementando AES? Para usar AES, existe la clase System.Security.Cryptography.RijndaelManaged.

    Para obtener un ejemplo más completo que realiza la derivación de clave además del cifrado AES, consulte la respuesta y los enlaces publicados en Cómo obtener el cifrado AES para trabajar con Javascript y C # .

    EDITAR
    una nota al margen: JavaScript Criptografía considerada dañina. Vale la pena leer.

     //Code to encrypt Data : public byte[] encryptdata(byte[] bytearraytoencrypt, string key, string iv) { AesCryptoServiceProvider dataencrypt = new AesCryptoServiceProvider(); //Block size : Gets or sets the block size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation. dataencrypt.BlockSize = 128; //KeySize: Gets or sets the size, in bits, of the secret key dataencrypt.KeySize = 128; //Key: Gets or sets the symmetric key that is used for encryption and decryption. dataencrypt.Key = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key); //IV : Gets or sets the initialization vector (IV) for the symmetric algorithm dataencrypt.IV = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(iv); //Padding: Gets or sets the padding mode used in the symmetric algorithm dataencrypt.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7; //Mode: Gets or sets the mode for operation of the symmetric algorithm dataencrypt.Mode = CipherMode.CBC; //Creates a symmetric AES encryptor object using the current key and initialization vector (IV). ICryptoTransform crypto1 = dataencrypt.CreateEncryptor(dataencrypt.Key, dataencrypt.IV); //TransformFinalBlock is a special function for transforming the last block or a partial block in the stream. //It returns a new array that contains the remaining transformed bytes. A new array is returned, because the amount of //information returned at the end might be larger than a single block when padding is added. byte[] encrypteddata = crypto1.TransformFinalBlock(bytearraytoencrypt, 0, bytearraytoencrypt.Length); crypto1.Dispose(); //return the encrypted data return encrypteddata; } //code to decrypt data private byte[] decryptdata(byte[] bytearraytodecrypt, string key, string iv) { AesCryptoServiceProvider keydecrypt = new AesCryptoServiceProvider(); keydecrypt.BlockSize = 128; keydecrypt.KeySize = 128; keydecrypt.Key = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key); keydecrypt.IV = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(iv); keydecrypt.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7; keydecrypt.Mode = CipherMode.CBC; ICryptoTransform crypto1 = keydecrypt.CreateDecryptor(keydecrypt.Key, keydecrypt.IV); byte[] returnbytearray = crypto1.TransformFinalBlock(bytearraytodecrypt, 0, bytearraytodecrypt.Length); crypto1.Dispose(); return returnbytearray; } 

    http://www.codeproject.com/Articles/769741/Csharp-AES-bits-Encryption-Library-with-Salt

     using System.Security.Cryptography; using System.IO; 

     public byte[] AES_Encrypt(byte[] bytesToBeEncrypted, byte[] passwordBytes) { byte[] encryptedBytes = null; byte[] saltBytes = new byte[] { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 }; using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream()) { using (RijndaelManaged AES = new RijndaelManaged()) { AES.KeySize = 256; AES.BlockSize = 128; var key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(passwordBytes, saltBytes, 1000); AES.Key = key.GetBytes(AES.KeySize / 8); AES.IV = key.GetBytes(AES.BlockSize / 8); AES.Mode = CipherMode.CBC; using (var cs = new CryptoStream(ms, AES.CreateEncryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write)) { cs.Write(bytesToBeEncrypted, 0, bytesToBeEncrypted.Length); cs.Close(); } encryptedBytes = ms.ToArray(); } } return encryptedBytes; } public byte[] AES_Decrypt(byte[] bytesToBeDecrypted, byte[] passwordBytes) { byte[] decryptedBytes = null; byte[] saltBytes = new byte[] { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 }; using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream()) { using (RijndaelManaged AES = new RijndaelManaged()) { AES.KeySize = 256; AES.BlockSize = 128; var key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(passwordBytes, saltBytes, 1000); AES.Key = key.GetBytes(AES.KeySize / 8); AES.IV = key.GetBytes(AES.BlockSize / 8); AES.Mode = CipherMode.CBC; using (var cs = new CryptoStream(ms, AES.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write)) { cs.Write(bytesToBeDecrypted, 0, bytesToBeDecrypted.Length); cs.Close(); } decryptedBytes = ms.ToArray(); } } return decryptedBytes; } 

    Prueba este código, tal vez sea útil.
    1.Crear nuevo proyecto de C # y agregar el siguiente código a Form1:

     using System; using System.Windows.Forms; using System.Security.Cryptography; namespace ExampleCrypto { public partial class Form1 : Form { public Form1() { InitializeComponent(); } private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e) { string strOriginalData = string.Empty; string strEncryptedData = string.Empty; string strDecryptedData = string.Empty; strOriginalData = "this is original data 1234567890"; // your original data in here MessageBox.Show("ORIGINAL DATA:\r\n" + strOriginalData); clsCrypto aes = new clsCrypto(); aes.IV = "this is your IV"; // your IV aes.KEY = "this is your KEY"; // your KEY strEncryptedData = aes.Encrypt(strOriginalData, CipherMode.CBC); // your cipher mode MessageBox.Show("ENCRYPTED DATA:\r\n" + strEncryptedData); strDecryptedData = aes.Decrypt(strEncryptedData, CipherMode.CBC); MessageBox.Show("DECRYPTED DATA:\r\n" + strDecryptedData); } } } 

    2. Cree clsCrypto.cs y copie y pegue el código en su clase y ejecute su código. Usé MD5 para generar el Vector Inicial (IV) y la CLAVE de AES.

     using System; using System.Security.Cryptography; using System.Text; using System.Windows.Forms; using System.IO; using System.Runtime.Remoting.Metadata.W3cXsd2001; namespace ExampleCrypto { public class clsCrypto { private string _KEY = string.Empty; protected internal string KEY { get { return _KEY; } set { if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(value)) { _KEY = value; } } } private string _IV = string.Empty; protected internal string IV { get { return _IV; } set { if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(value)) { _IV = value; } } } private string CalcMD5(string strInput) { string strOutput = string.Empty; if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(strInput)) { try { StringBuilder strHex = new StringBuilder(); using (MD5 md5 = MD5.Create()) { byte[] bytArText = Encoding.Default.GetBytes(strInput); byte[] bytArHash = md5.ComputeHash(bytArText); for (int i = 0; i < bytArHash.Length; i++) { strHex.Append(bytArHash[i].ToString("X2")); } strOutput = strHex.ToString(); } } catch (Exception ex) { MessageBox.Show(ex.Message); } } return strOutput; } private byte[] GetBytesFromHexString(string strInput) { byte[] bytArOutput = new byte[] { }; if ((!string.IsNullOrEmpty(strInput)) && strInput.Length % 2 == 0) { SoapHexBinary hexBinary = null; try { hexBinary = SoapHexBinary.Parse(strInput); } catch (Exception ex) { MessageBox.Show(ex.Message); } bytArOutput = hexBinary.Value; } return bytArOutput; } private byte[] GenerateIV() { byte[] bytArOutput = new byte[] { }; try { string strIV = CalcMD5(IV); bytArOutput = GetBytesFromHexString(strIV); } catch (Exception ex) { MessageBox.Show(ex.Message); } return bytArOutput; } private byte[] GenerateKey() { byte[] bytArOutput = new byte[] { }; try { string strKey = CalcMD5(KEY); bytArOutput = GetBytesFromHexString(strKey); } catch (Exception ex) { MessageBox.Show(ex.Message); } return bytArOutput; } protected internal string Encrypt(string strInput, CipherMode cipherMode) { string strOutput = string.Empty; if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(strInput)) { try { byte[] bytePlainText = Encoding.Default.GetBytes(strInput); using (RijndaelManaged rijManaged = new RijndaelManaged()) { rijManaged.Mode = cipherMode; rijManaged.BlockSize = 128; rijManaged.KeySize = 128; rijManaged.IV = GenerateIV(); rijManaged.Key = GenerateKey(); rijManaged.Padding = PaddingMode.Zeros; ICryptoTransform icpoTransform = rijManaged.CreateEncryptor(rijManaged.Key, rijManaged.IV); using (MemoryStream memStream = new MemoryStream()) { using (CryptoStream cpoStream = new CryptoStream(memStream, icpoTransform, CryptoStreamMode.Write)) { cpoStream.Write(bytePlainText, 0, bytePlainText.Length); cpoStream.FlushFinalBlock(); } strOutput = Encoding.Default.GetString(memStream.ToArray()); } } } catch (Exception ex) { MessageBox.Show(ex.Message); } } return strOutput; } protected internal string Decrypt(string strInput, CipherMode cipherMode) { string strOutput = string.Empty; if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(strInput)) { try { byte[] byteCipherText = Encoding.Default.GetBytes(strInput); byte[] byteBuffer = new byte[strInput.Length]; using (RijndaelManaged rijManaged = new RijndaelManaged()) { rijManaged.Mode = cipherMode; rijManaged.BlockSize = 128; rijManaged.KeySize = 128; rijManaged.IV = GenerateIV(); rijManaged.Key = GenerateKey(); rijManaged.Padding = PaddingMode.Zeros; ICryptoTransform icpoTransform = rijManaged.CreateDecryptor(rijManaged.Key, rijManaged.IV); using (MemoryStream memStream = new MemoryStream(byteCipherText)) { using (CryptoStream cpoStream = new CryptoStream(memStream, icpoTransform, CryptoStreamMode.Read)) { cpoStream.Read(byteBuffer, 0, byteBuffer.Length); } strOutput = Encoding.Default.GetString(byteBuffer); } } } catch (Exception ex) { MessageBox.Show(ex.Message); } } return strOutput; } } } 

    Puede usar la contraseña desde el cuadro de texto como la clave … Con este código puede cifrar / descifrar texto, imagen, documento de palabra, pdf ….

      public class Rijndael { private byte[] key; private readonly byte[] vector = { 255, 64, 191, 111, 23, 3, 113, 119, 231, 121, 252, 112, 79, 32, 114, 156 }; ICryptoTransform EnkValue, DekValue; public Rijndael(byte[] key) { this.key = key; RijndaelManaged rm = new RijndaelManaged(); rm.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7; EnkValue = rm.CreateEncryptor(key, vector); DekValue = rm.CreateDecryptor(key, vector); } public byte[] Encrypt(byte[] byte) { byte[] enkByte= byte; byte[] enkNewByte; using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream()) { using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, EnkValue, CryptoStreamMode.Write)) { cs.Write(enkByte, 0, enkByte.Length); cs.FlushFinalBlock(); ms.Position = 0; enkNewByte= new byte[ms.Length]; ms.Read(enkNewByte, 0, enkNewByte.Length); } } return enkNeyByte; } public byte[] Dekrypt(byte[] enkByte) { byte[] dekByte; using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream()) { using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, DekValue, CryptoStreamMode.Write)) { cs.Write(enkByte, 0, enkByte.Length); cs.FlushFinalBlock(); ms.Position = 0; dekByte= new byte[ms.Length]; ms.Read(dekByte, 0, dekByte.Length); } } return dekByte; } } 

    Convertir contraseña de cuadro de texto a matriz de bytes …

     private byte[] ConvertPasswordToByte(string password) { byte[] key = new byte[32]; for (int i = 0; i < passwprd.Length; i++) { key[i] = Convert.ToByte(passwprd[i]); } return key; } 

    aquí hay un código limpio y ordenado para comprender el algoritmo AES 256 implementado en la llamada a C # Encrypt function como encryptedstring = cryptObj.Encrypt(username, "AGARAMUDHALA", "EZHUTHELLAM", "SHA1", 3, "@1B2c3D4e5F6g7H8", 256);

     public class Crypt { public string Encrypt(string passtext, string passPhrase, string saltV, string hashstring, int Iterations, string initVect, int keysize) { string functionReturnValue = null; // Convert strings into byte arrays. // Let us assume that strings only contain ASCII codes. // If strings include Unicode characters, use Unicode, UTF7, or UTF8 // encoding. byte[] initVectorBytes = null; initVectorBytes = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(initVect); byte[] saltValueBytes = null; saltValueBytes = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(saltV); // Convert our plaintext into a byte array. // Let us assume that plaintext contains UTF8-encoded characters. byte[] plainTextBytes = null; plainTextBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(passtext); // First, we must create a password, from which the key will be derived. // This password will be generated from the specified passphrase and // salt value. The password will be created using the specified hash // algorithm. Password creation can be done in several iterations. PasswordDeriveBytes password = default(PasswordDeriveBytes); password = new PasswordDeriveBytes(passPhrase, saltValueBytes, hashstring, Iterations); // Use the password to generate pseudo-random bytes for the encryption // key. Specify the size of the key in bytes (instead of bits). byte[] keyBytes = null; keyBytes = password.GetBytes(keysize/8); // Create uninitialized Rijndael encryption object. RijndaelManaged symmetricKey = default(RijndaelManaged); symmetricKey = new RijndaelManaged(); // It is reasonable to set encryption mode to Cipher Block Chaining // (CBC). Use default options for other symmetric key parameters. symmetricKey.Mode = CipherMode.CBC; // Generate encryptor from the existing key bytes and initialization // vector. Key size will be defined based on the number of the key // bytes. ICryptoTransform encryptor = default(ICryptoTransform); encryptor = symmetricKey.CreateEncryptor(keyBytes, initVectorBytes); // Define memory stream which will be used to hold encrypted data. MemoryStream memoryStream = default(MemoryStream); memoryStream = new MemoryStream(); // Define cryptographic stream (always use Write mode for encryption). CryptoStream cryptoStream = default(CryptoStream); cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write); // Start encrypting. cryptoStream.Write(plainTextBytes, 0, plainTextBytes.Length); // Finish encrypting. cryptoStream.FlushFinalBlock(); // Convert our encrypted data from a memory stream into a byte array. byte[] cipherTextBytes = null; cipherTextBytes = memoryStream.ToArray(); // Close both streams. memoryStream.Close(); cryptoStream.Close(); // Convert encrypted data into a base64-encoded string. string cipherText = null; cipherText = Convert.ToBase64String(cipherTextBytes); functionReturnValue = cipherText; return functionReturnValue; } public string Decrypt(string cipherText, string passPhrase, string saltValue, string hashAlgorithm, int passwordIterations, string initVector, int keySize) { string functionReturnValue = null; // Convert strings defining encryption key characteristics into byte // arrays. Let us assume that strings only contain ASCII codes. // If strings include Unicode characters, use Unicode, UTF7, or UTF8 // encoding. byte[] initVectorBytes = null; initVectorBytes = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(initVector); byte[] saltValueBytes = null; saltValueBytes = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(saltValue); // Convert our ciphertext into a byte array. byte[] cipherTextBytes = null; cipherTextBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText); // First, we must create a password, from which the key will be // derived. This password will be generated from the specified // passphrase and salt value. The password will be created using // the specified hash algorithm. Password creation can be done in // several iterations. PasswordDeriveBytes password = default(PasswordDeriveBytes); password = new PasswordDeriveBytes(passPhrase, saltValueBytes, hashAlgorithm, passwordIterations); // Use the password to generate pseudo-random bytes for the encryption // key. Specify the size of the key in bytes (instead of bits). byte[] keyBytes = null; keyBytes = password.GetBytes(keySize / 8); // Create uninitialized Rijndael encryption object. RijndaelManaged symmetricKey = default(RijndaelManaged); symmetricKey = new RijndaelManaged(); // It is reasonable to set encryption mode to Cipher Block Chaining // (CBC). Use default options for other symmetric key parameters. symmetricKey.Mode = CipherMode.CBC; // Generate decryptor from the existing key bytes and initialization // vector. Key size will be defined based on the number of the key // bytes. ICryptoTransform decryptor = default(ICryptoTransform); decryptor = symmetricKey.CreateDecryptor(keyBytes, initVectorBytes); // Define memory stream which will be used to hold encrypted data. MemoryStream memoryStream = default(MemoryStream); memoryStream = new MemoryStream(cipherTextBytes); // Define memory stream which will be used to hold encrypted data. CryptoStream cryptoStream = default(CryptoStream); cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read); // Since at this point we don't know what the size of decrypted data // will be, allocate the buffer long enough to hold ciphertext; // plaintext is never longer than ciphertext. byte[] plainTextBytes = null; plainTextBytes = new byte[cipherTextBytes.Length + 1]; // Start decrypting. int decryptedByteCount = 0; decryptedByteCount = cryptoStream.Read(plainTextBytes, 0, plainTextBytes.Length); // Close both streams. memoryStream.Close(); cryptoStream.Close(); // Convert decrypted data into a string. // Let us assume that the original plaintext string was UTF8-encoded. string plainText = null; plainText = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainTextBytes, 0, decryptedByteCount); // Return decrypted string. functionReturnValue = plainText; return functionReturnValue; } }