Desencoding Base32

Tengo una cadena base32 que necesito convertir a una matriz de bytes. Y tengo problemas para encontrar un método de conversión en .NET Framework. Puedo encontrar métodos para base64 pero no para base32.

Convert.FromBase64String : algo así para base32 sería perfecto.

¿Existe tal método en el marco o tengo que hacer el mío?

Consulte esta implementación de FromBase32String para .NET que se encuentra aquí .


Editar: El enlace de arriba estaba muerto; puedes encontrar una copia archivada en archive.org

El código real leído:

 using System; using System.Text; public sealed class Base32 { // the valid chars for the encoding private static string ValidChars = "QAZ2WSX3" + "EDC4RFV5" + "TGB6YHN7" + "UJM8K9LP"; ///  /// Converts an array of bytes to a Base32-k string. ///  public static string ToBase32String(byte[] bytes) { StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); // holds the base32 chars byte index; int hi = 5; int currentByte = 0; while (currentByte < bytes.Length) { // do we need to use the next byte? if (hi > 8) { // get the last piece from the current byte, shift it to the right // and increment the byte counter index = (byte)(bytes[currentByte++] >> (hi - 5)); if (currentByte != bytes.Length) { // if we are not at the end, get the first piece from // the next byte, clear it and shift it to the left index = (byte)(((byte)(bytes[currentByte] << (16 - hi)) >> 3) | index); } hi -= 3; } else if(hi == 8) { index = (byte)(bytes[currentByte++] >> 3); hi -= 3; } else { // simply get the stuff from the current byte index = (byte)((byte)(bytes[currentByte] << (8 - hi)) >> 3); hi += 5; } sb.Append(ValidChars[index]); } return sb.ToString(); } ///  /// Converts a Base32-k string into an array of bytes. ///  ///  /// Input string s contains invalid Base32-k characters. ///  public static byte[] FromBase32String(string str) { int numBytes = str.Length * 5 / 8; byte[] bytes = new Byte[numBytes]; // all UPPERCASE chars str = str.ToUpper(); int bit_buffer; int currentCharIndex; int bits_in_buffer; if (str.Length < 3) { bytes[0] = (byte)(ValidChars.IndexOf(str[0]) | ValidChars.IndexOf(str[1]) << 5); return bytes; } bit_buffer = (ValidChars.IndexOf(str[0]) | ValidChars.IndexOf(str[1]) << 5); bits_in_buffer = 10; currentCharIndex = 2; for (int i = 0; i < bytes.Length; i++) { bytes[i] = (byte)bit_buffer; bit_buffer >>= 8; bits_in_buffer -= 8; while (bits_in_buffer < 8 && currentCharIndex < str.Length) { bit_buffer |= ValidChars.IndexOf(str[currentCharIndex++]) << bits_in_buffer; bits_in_buffer += 5; } } return bytes; } } 

Necesitaba un codificador / decodificador base32, así que pasé un par de horas esta tarde lanzando esto. Creo que cumple con los estándares enumerados aquí: http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4648#section-6 .

 public class Base32Encoding { public static byte[] ToBytes(string input) { if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(input)) { throw new ArgumentNullException("input"); } input = input.TrimEnd('='); //remove padding characters int byteCount = input.Length * 5 / 8; //this must be TRUNCATED byte[] returnArray = new byte[byteCount]; byte curByte = 0, bitsRemaining = 8; int mask = 0, arrayIndex = 0; foreach (char c in input) { int cValue = CharToValue(c); if (bitsRemaining > 5) { mask = cValue << (bitsRemaining - 5); curByte = (byte)(curByte | mask); bitsRemaining -= 5; } else { mask = cValue >> (5 - bitsRemaining); curByte = (byte)(curByte | mask); returnArray[arrayIndex++] = curByte; curByte = (byte)(cValue << (3 + bitsRemaining)); bitsRemaining += 3; } } //if we didn't end with a full byte if (arrayIndex != byteCount) { returnArray[arrayIndex] = curByte; } return returnArray; } public static string ToString(byte[] input) { if (input == null || input.Length == 0) { throw new ArgumentNullException("input"); } int charCount = (int)Math.Ceiling(input.Length / 5d) * 8; char[] returnArray = new char[charCount]; byte nextChar = 0, bitsRemaining = 5; int arrayIndex = 0; foreach (byte b in input) { nextChar = (byte)(nextChar | (b >> (8 - bitsRemaining))); returnArray[arrayIndex++] = ValueToChar(nextChar); if (bitsRemaining < 4) { nextChar = (byte)((b >> (3 - bitsRemaining)) & 31); returnArray[arrayIndex++] = ValueToChar(nextChar); bitsRemaining += 5; } bitsRemaining -= 3; nextChar = (byte)((b << bitsRemaining) & 31); } //if we didn't end with a full char if (arrayIndex != charCount) { returnArray[arrayIndex++] = ValueToChar(nextChar); while (arrayIndex != charCount) returnArray[arrayIndex++] = '='; //padding } return new string(returnArray); } private static int CharToValue(char c) { int value = (int)c; //65-90 == uppercase letters if (value < 91 && value > 64) { return value - 65; } //50-55 == numbers 2-7 if (value < 56 && value > 49) { return value - 24; } //97-122 == lowercase letters if (value < 123 && value > 96) { return value - 97; } throw new ArgumentException("Character is not a Base32 character.", "c"); } private static char ValueToChar(byte b) { if (b < 26) { return (char)(b + 65); } if (b < 32) { return (char)(b + 24); } throw new ArgumentException("Byte is not a value Base32 value.", "b"); } } 

He escrito algunas implementaciones basadas en estándares flexibles de varios métodos de encoding / deencoding Base32 y Base64. Notablemente: base64url (por rfc4648) y su base32 equivalente.

Por defecto, la clase Base32Url codifica con solo los caracteres de la A a la Z y de 2 a 7. No se utilizan guiones, guiones bajos, más, barras o iguales, lo que lo hace utilizable como un token de URL en casi todas las circunstancias. Base32Url también admite alfabetos personalizados, sensibilidad / insensibilidad de mayúsculas y minúsculas, relleno / sin relleno, etc.

Esto se publica en el proyecto de código.

Aquí está mi solución rápidamente anotada. Solo funciona en cadenas que son un múltiplo de 8 caracteres base32. Funciona, sin embargo.

 public class Base32 { ///  /// Decode a Base32 string /// This will only work on a multiple of 40 bits (5 bytes) /// http://www.garykessler.net/library/base64.html ///  public static byte[] Decode(string Base32String) { // Ignore hyphens string str = Base32String.Replace("-", ""); // Convert it to bits List bits = new List(); foreach (char c in str) { int i = CharToValue(c); bits.Add((byte)((i & 16) > 0 ? 1 : 0)); bits.Add((byte)((i & 8) > 0 ? 1 : 0)); bits.Add((byte)((i & 4) > 0 ? 1 : 0)); bits.Add((byte)((i & 2) > 0 ? 1 : 0)); bits.Add((byte)((i & 1) > 0 ? 1 : 0)); } // Convert bits into bytes List bytes = new List(); for (int i = 0; i < bits.Count; i += 8) { bytes.Add((byte)( (bits[i + 0] << 7) + (bits[i + 1] << 6) + (bits[i + 2] << 5) + (bits[i + 3] << 4) + (bits[i + 4] << 3) + (bits[i + 5] << 2) + (bits[i + 6] << 1) + (bits[i + 7] << 0))); } return bytes.ToArray(); } static int CharToValue(char c) { char cl = char.ToLower(c); if (cl == 'a') return 0; if (cl == 'b') return 1; if (cl == 'c') return 2; if (cl == 'd') return 3; if (cl == 'e') return 4; if (cl == 'f') return 5; if (cl == 'g') return 6; if (cl == 'h') return 7; if (cl == 'i') return 8; if (cl == 'j') return 9; if (cl == 'k') return 10; if (cl == 'l') return 11; if (cl == 'm') return 12; if (cl == 'n') return 13; if (cl == 'o') return 14; if (cl == 'p') return 15; if (cl == 'q') return 16; if (cl == 'r') return 17; if (cl == 's') return 18; if (cl == 't') return 19; if (cl == 'u') return 20; if (cl == 'v') return 21; if (cl == 'w') return 22; if (cl == 'x') return 23; if (cl == 'y') return 24; if (cl == 'z') return 25; if (cl == '2') return 26; if (cl == '3') return 27; if (cl == '4') return 28; if (cl == '5') return 29; if (cl == '6') return 30; if (cl == '7') return 31; throw new Exception("Not a base32 string"); } } 

Aquí están mis funciones para codificar y decodificar. Siento que son mucho más cortas y concisas que las otras sugerencias. Entonces, si necesitas uno pequeño, prueba estos.

 public static string BytesToBase32(byte[] bytes) { const string alphabet = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ234567"; string output = ""; for (int bitIndex = 0; bitIndex < bytes.Length * 8; bitIndex += 5) { int dualbyte = bytes[bitIndex / 8] << 8; if (bitIndex / 8 + 1 < bytes.Length) dualbyte |= bytes[bitIndex / 8 + 1]; dualbyte = 0x1f & (dualbyte >> (16 - bitIndex % 8 - 5)); output += alphabet[dualbyte]; } return output; } public static byte[] Base32ToBytes(string base32) { const string alphabet = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ234567"; List output = new List(); char[] bytes = base32.ToCharArray(); for (int bitIndex = 0; bitIndex < base32.Length * 5; bitIndex += 8) { int dualbyte = alphabet.IndexOf(bytes[bitIndex / 5]) << 10; if (bitIndex / 5 + 1 < bytes.Length) dualbyte |= alphabet.IndexOf(bytes[bitIndex / 5 + 1]) << 5; if (bitIndex / 5 + 2 < bytes.Length) dualbyte |= alphabet.IndexOf(bytes[bitIndex / 5 + 2]); dualbyte = 0xff & (dualbyte >> (15 - bitIndex % 5 - 8)); output.Add((byte)(dualbyte)); } return output.ToArray(); } 

He creado mi propia implementación genérica de codificador / decodificador Base32 para VB.NET. He verificado los resultados a través de sitios web independientes, por lo que parece ser bastante preciso.

Cualquier comentario sobre cómo se pueden hacer mejoras al código será bienvenido.

 Option Compare Text Imports System.ComponentModel Public Structure Base32(Of T) Private Const csValidStandardBase32Chars As String = "0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV"  _ Class Base32Nibble  _ Friend mStore As New BitArray(5, False) Public ReadOnly Property Value As Byte Get Dim result As Byte = 0 For index As Byte = 0 To mStore.Count - 1 If mStore(index) Then result += (2 ^ index) End If Next Return result End Get End Property Public Overrides Function ToString() As String Dim nibbleString As String = Nothing For Each bit As Boolean In mStore nibbleString = Math.Abs(CInt(bit)).ToString() & nibbleString Next Return nibbleString End Function End Class Private Shared mNibbles As List(Of Base32Nibble) Public ReadOnly Property Count As Long Get Return mNibbles.Count End Get End Property Default Public ReadOnly Property Item(ByVal index As Integer) As Base32Nibble Get Return DirectCast(mNibbles(index), Base32Nibble) End Get End Property Public Sub New(ByVal Value As T) Dim temp As Object = CType(Value, T) getNibbles(BitConverter.GetBytes(temp)) End Sub Public Sub New(ByVal Value As Byte()) getNibbles(Value) End Sub Public Shared Widening Operator CType(ByVal Value As T) As Base32(Of T) Return New Base32(Of T)(Value) End Operator Public Shared Widening Operator CType(ByVal Value As Byte()) As Base32(Of T) Return New Base32(Of T)(Value) End Operator Public ReadOnly Property Value As String Get Dim result As String = Nothing For Each Nib As Base32(Of T).Base32Nibble In mNibbles result = csValidStandardBase32Chars(Nib.Value) & result Next Return result.TrimStart("0") End Get End Property Public Function ToNumeric(ByVal Base32String As String) As T Dim result As T = CType(CType(0, Object), T) Try If Base32String.Trim.Length > 0 Then Dim pos As Integer = 0 Do Dim temp As Object = getBase32Value(Base32String, pos) result = result + temp pos += 1 Loop While (pos < Base32String.Length) End If Catch ex As Exception ' Catch overflow errors if the generic type T doesn't have enough ' room to store the result System.Diagnostics.Debug.Print(ex.Message) End Try Return result End Function Private Shared Sub getNibbles(ByVal Value As Byte()) Dim valueBytes As New BitArray(Value) Dim nib As Base32Nibble = Nothing mNibbles = New List(Of Base32Nibble) Dim padding As Byte = (1 - (valueBytes.Length / 5 - (valueBytes.Length \ 5))) * 5 valueBytes.Length = valueBytes.Length + padding For element As Short = 0 To valueBytes.Count - 1 If (element Mod 5 = 0) Then nib = New Base32Nibble() mNibbles.Add(nib) End If nib.mStore.Item(element Mod 5) = valueBytes.Item(element) Next End Sub Private Function getBase32Char(ByVal InputString As String, ByVal InputPosition As Integer) As String Return csValidStandardBase32Chars.IndexOf(Mid(InputString, InputPosition + 1, 1)) End Function Private Function getBase32Value(ByVal InputString As String, ByVal InputPosition As Integer) As T Return CType(CType((getBase32Char(InputString, InputPosition) * (32 ^ (InputString.Length - 1 - InputPosition))), Object), T) End Function End Structure 

Aquí hay un ejemplo de conversión de 123456789 a Base32

 Dim value As Base32(Of Int64) = 123456789 Console.WriteLine( "123456789 in Base32 = " & value.Value)