La altura de la vista del reciclador nested no envuelve su contenido

Tengo una aplicación que administra colecciones de libros (como listas de reproducción).

Quiero mostrar una lista de colecciones con un RecyclerView vertical y dentro de cada fila, una lista de libros en un RecyclerView horizontal.

Cuando configuro el layout_height del RecyclerView horizontal interno a 300dp, se muestra correctamente, pero cuando lo configuro para wrap_content, no muestra nada. Necesito usar wrap_content porque quiero poder cambiar el administrador de diseño programáticamente para cambiar entre visualización vertical y horizontal.

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¿Sabes lo que estoy haciendo mal?

El diseño de mi Fragmento:

       

Diseño del elemento de la colección:

           

Artículo de la lista de libros:

    

Aquí está mi Adaptador de Colección:

 private class CollectionsListAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter { private final String TAG = CollectionsListAdapter.class.getSimpleName(); private Context mContext; // Create the ViewHolder class to keep references to your views class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder { private final TextView mHeaderTitleTextView; private final TextView mHeaderCountTextView; private final RecyclerView mHorizontalListView; private final TextView mEmptyTextView; public ViewHolder(View view) { super(view); mHeaderTitleTextView = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.collection_header_tv); mHeaderCountTextView = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.collection_header_count_tv); mHorizontalListView = (RecyclerView) view.findViewById(R.id.collection_book_listview); mEmptyTextView = (TextView) view.findViewById(R.id.empty_collection_tv); } } public CollectionsListAdapter(Context context) { mContext = context; } @Override public ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int i) { Log.d(TAG, "CollectionsListAdapter.onCreateViewHolder(" + parent.getId() + ", " + i + ")"); // Create a new view by inflating the row item xml. View v = LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext()).inflate(R.layout.shelf_collection, parent, false); // Set the view to the ViewHolder ViewHolder holder = new ViewHolder(v); holder.mHorizontalListView.setHasFixedSize(false); holder.mHorizontalListView.setHorizontalScrollBarEnabled(true); // use a linear layout manager LinearLayoutManager mLayoutManager = new LinearLayoutManager(mContext); mLayoutManager.setOrientation(LinearLayoutManager.HORIZONTAL); holder.mHorizontalListView.setLayoutManager(mLayoutManager); return holder; } @Override public void onBindViewHolder(ViewHolder holder, int i) { Log.d(TAG, "CollectionsListAdapter.onBindViewHolder(" + holder.getPosition() + ", " + i + ")"); Collection collection = mCollectionList.get(i); Log.d(TAG, "Collection : " + collection.getLabel()); holder.mHeaderTitleTextView.setText(collection.getLabel()); holder.mHeaderCountTextView.setText("" + collection.getBooks().size()); // Create an adapter if none exists if (!mBookListAdapterMap.containsKey(collection.getCollectionId())) { mBookListAdapterMap.put(collection.getCollectionId(), new BookListAdapter(getActivity(), collection)); } holder.mHorizontalListView.setAdapter(mBookListAdapterMap.get(collection.getCollectionId())); } @Override public int getItemCount() { return mCollectionList.size(); } } 

Y finalmente, el adaptador de libros:

 private class BookListAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter implements View.OnClickListener { private final String TAG = BookListAdapter.class.getSimpleName(); // Create the ViewHolder class to keep references to your views class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder { public ImageView mCoverImageView; public ViewHolder(View view) { super(view); mCoverImageView = (ImageView) view.findViewById(R.id.shelf_item_cover); } } @Override public void onClick(View v) { BookListAdapter.ViewHolder holder = (BookListAdapter.ViewHolder) v.getTag(); int position = holder.getPosition(); final Book book = mCollection.getBooks().get(position); // Click on cover image if (v.getId() == holder.mCoverImageView.getId()) { downloadOrOpenBook(book); return; } } private void downloadOrOpenBook(final Book book) { // do stuff } private Context mContext; private Collection mCollection; public BookListAdapter(Context context, Collection collection) { Log.d(TAG, "BookListAdapter(" + context + ", " + collection + ")"); mCollection = collection; mContext = context; } @Override public ViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int i) { Log.d(TAG, "onCreateViewHolder(" + parent.getId() + ", " + i + ")"); // Create a new view by inflating the row item xml. View v = LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext()).inflate(R.layout.shelf_grid_item, parent, false); // Set the view to the ViewHolder ViewHolder holder = new ViewHolder(v); holder.mCoverImageView.setOnClickListener(BookListAdapter.this); // Download or Open holder.mCoverImageView.setTag(holder); return holder; } @Override public void onBindViewHolder(ViewHolder holder, int i) { Log.d(TAG, "onBindViewHolder(" + holder.getPosition() + ", " + i + ")"); Book book = mCollection.getBooks().get(i); ImageView imageView = holder.mCoverImageView; ImageLoader.getInstance().displayImage(book.getCoverUrl(), imageView); } @Override public int getItemCount() { return mCollection.getBooks().size(); } } 

Actualizar

Muchos problemas relacionados con esta característica en la versión 23.2.0 se han solucionado en 23.2.1, actualice eso en su lugar.

¡Con el lanzamiento de Support Library versión 23.2, RecyclerView ahora es compatible con eso!

Actualiza build.gradle a:

 compile 'com.android.support:recyclerview-v7:23.2.1' 

o cualquier versión más allá de eso.

Este lanzamiento trae una nueva característica emocionante a la API de LayoutManager: auto-medida! Esto permite que un RecyclerView se clasifique en función del tamaño de su contenido. Esto significa que los escenarios anteriormente no disponibles, como el uso de WRAP_CONTENT para una dimensión de RecyclerView, ahora son posibles. Descubrirá que todos los administradores de diseño integrados ahora son compatibles con la medición automática.

Esto se puede deshabilitar a través de setAutoMeasurementEnabled() si es necesario. Consulte en detalle aquí .

La solución @ user2302510 no funciona tan bien como esperaba. La solución completa tanto para las orientaciones como para los cambios de datos dynamics es:

 public class MyLinearLayoutManager extends LinearLayoutManager { public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); } private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); int width = 0; int height = 0; for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); if (getOrientation() == HORIZONTAL) { width = width + mMeasuredDimension[0]; if (i == 0) { height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; } } else { height = height + mMeasuredDimension[1]; if (i == 0) { width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; } } } switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: width = widthSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: height = heightSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(), p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); measuredDimension[0] = view.getMeasuredWidth() + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; measuredDimension[1] = view.getMeasuredHeight() + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin; recycler.recycleView(view); } } } 

El código anterior no funciona bien cuando necesita hacer que sus elementos sean “wrap_content”, ya que mide los elementos de alto y ancho con MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED. Después de algunos problemas, modifiqué esa solución para que ahora los elementos puedan expandirse. La única diferencia es que proporciona a los padres altura o ancho. MeasureSpec depende de la orientación del diseño.

 public class MyLinearLayoutManager extends LinearLayoutManager { public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); } private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); int width = 0; int height = 0; for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) { if (getOrientation() == HORIZONTAL) { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), heightSpec, mMeasuredDimension); width = width + mMeasuredDimension[0]; if (i == 0) { height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; } } else { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, widthSpec, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); height = height + mMeasuredDimension[1]; if (i == 0) { width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; } } } switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: width = widthSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: height = heightSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); recycler.bindViewToPosition(view, position); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(), p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); measuredDimension[0] = view.getMeasuredWidth() + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; measuredDimension[1] = view.getMeasuredHeight() + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin; recycler.recycleView(view); } } } 

El administrador de diseño existente aún no admite el contenido del ajuste.

Puede crear un nuevo LayoutManager que amplíe el existente y anule el método de medición para medir el contenido del ajuste.

Como @ yiğit mencionó, debes anular onMeasure (). Both @ user2302510 y @DenisNek tienen buenas respuestas, pero si desea admitir ItemDecoration, puede utilizar este administrador de diseño personalizado.

Y otras respuestas no se pueden desplazar cuando hay más elementos de los que se pueden mostrar en la pantalla. Esta utiliza la implementación predeterminada de onMeasure () cuando hay más elementos que el tamaño de pantalla.

 public class MyLinearLayoutManager extends LinearLayoutManager { public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); } private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); int width = 0; int height = 0; for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); if (getOrientation() == HORIZONTAL) { width = width + mMeasuredDimension[0]; if (i == 0) { height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; } } else { height = height + mMeasuredDimension[1]; if (i == 0) { width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; } } } // If child view is more than screen size, there is no need to make it wrap content. We can use original onMeasure() so we can scroll view. if (height < heightSize && width < widthSize) { switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: width = widthSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: height = heightSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } else { super.onMeasure(recycler, state, widthSpec, heightSpec); } } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); // For adding Item Decor Insets to view super.measureChildWithMargins(view, 0, 0); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight() + getDecoratedLeft(view) + getDecoratedRight(view), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom() + getPaddingBottom() + getDecoratedBottom(view) , p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); // Get decorated measurements measuredDimension[0] = getDecoratedMeasuredWidth(view) + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; measuredDimension[1] = getDecoratedMeasuredHeight(view) + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin; recycler.recycleView(view); } } } 

Y si quiere usarlo con GridLayoutManager solo lo extiende desde GridLayoutManager y cambia

 for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) 

a

 for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i = i + getSpanCount()) 

ACTUALIZACIÓN de marzo de 2016

Por Android Support Library 23.2.1 de una versión de la biblioteca de soporte. Entonces, todo WRAP_CONTENT debería funcionar correctamente.

Actualice la versión de una biblioteca en un archivo gradle.

 compile 'com.android.support:recyclerview-v7:23.2.1' 

Esto permite que un RecyclerView se clasifique en función del tamaño de su contenido. Esto significa que los escenarios anteriormente no disponibles, como el uso de WRAP_CONTENT para una dimensión de RecyclerView, ahora son posibles .

se le pedirá que llame a setAutoMeasureEnabled (true)

Se corrigieron errores relacionados con varios métodos de medida y especificación en la actualización

Verifique https://developer.android.com/topic/libraries/support-library/features.html

Esta respuesta se basa en la solución dada por Denis Nek. Resuelve el problema de no tener en cuenta decoraciones como separadores.

 public class WrappingRecyclerViewLayoutManager extends LinearLayoutManager { public WrappingRecyclerViewLayoutManager(Context context) { super(context, VERTICAL, false); } public WrappingRecyclerViewLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); } private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); int width = 0; int height = 0; for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); if (getOrientation() == HORIZONTAL) { width = width + mMeasuredDimension[0]; if (i == 0) { height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; } } else { height = height + mMeasuredDimension[1]; if (i == 0) { width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; } } } switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: width = widthSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: height = heightSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(), p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); Rect outRect = new Rect(); calculateItemDecorationsForChild(view, outRect); measuredDimension[0] = view.getMeasuredWidth() + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; measuredDimension[1] = view.getMeasuredHeight() + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin + outRect.bottom + outRect.top; recycler.recycleView(view); } } 

}

Una alternativa para extender LayoutManager puede simplemente establecer el tamaño de la vista manualmente.

Número de artículos por altura de fila (si todos los artículos tienen la misma altura y el separador está incluido en la fila)

 LinearLayout.LayoutParams params = (LinearLayout.LayoutParams) mListView.getLayoutParams(); params.height = mAdapter.getItemCount() * getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.row_height); mListView.setLayoutParams(params); 

Todavía es una solución, pero para casos básicos funciona.

Solución utilizada de @ sinan-kozak, excepto que se corrigieron algunos errores. Específicamente, no deberíamos usar View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED tanto para el ancho como para el alto al llamar a measureScrapChild ya que eso no representará correctamente el texto ajustado en el elemento secundario. En su lugar, pasaremos a través de los modos de ancho y alto desde el elemento principal, lo que permitirá que las cosas funcionen tanto en diseños horizontales como verticales.

 public class MyLinearLayoutManager extends LinearLayoutManager { public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); } private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); int width = 0; int height = 0; for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) { if (getOrientation() == HORIZONTAL) { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(heightSize, heightMode), mMeasuredDimension); width = width + mMeasuredDimension[0]; if (i == 0) { height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; } } else { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(widthSize, widthMode), View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); height = height + mMeasuredDimension[1]; if (i == 0) { width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; } } } // If child view is more than screen size, there is no need to make it wrap content. We can use original onMeasure() so we can scroll view. if (height < heightSize && width < widthSize) { switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: width = widthSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: height = heightSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } else { super.onMeasure(recycler, state, widthSpec, heightSpec); } } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); // For adding Item Decor Insets to view super.measureChildWithMargins(view, 0, 0); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight() + getDecoratedLeft(view) + getDecoratedRight(view), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom() + getDecoratedTop(view) + getDecoratedBottom(view) , p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); // Get decorated measurements measuredDimension[0] = getDecoratedMeasuredWidth(view) + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; measuredDimension[1] = getDecoratedMeasuredHeight(view) + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin; recycler.recycleView(view); } } } 

`

Aquí encontré una solución: https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=74772

De ninguna manera es mi solución. Acabo de copiarlo desde allí, pero espero que ayude a alguien tanto como me ayudó cuando implemente RecyclerView horizontal y wrap_content height (debería funcionar también para vertical y wrap_content width)

La solución es ampliar el LayoutManager y anular su método onMeasure como se sugirió @yigit.

Aquí está el código en caso de que el enlace muera:

 public static class MyLinearLayoutManager extends LinearLayoutManager { public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context) { super(context); } private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); measureScrapChild(recycler, 0, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); int width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; int height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: width = widthSize; break; case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: height = heightSize; break; case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(), p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); measuredDimension[0] = view.getMeasuredWidth(); measuredDimension[1] = view.getMeasuredHeight(); recycler.recycleView(view); } } } 

Sí, la solución alternativa que se muestra en todas las respuestas es correcta, es decir, tenemos que personalizar el administrador de disposición lineal para calcular dinámicamente la altura de sus elementos secundarios en tiempo de ejecución. Pero todas las respuestas no funcionan como se esperaba. Por favor, responda a continuación para el administrador de diseño personalizado con soporte de orientación.

 public class MyLinearLayoutManager extends android.support.v7.widget.LinearLayoutManager { private static boolean canMakeInsetsDirty = true; private static Field insetsDirtyField = null; private static final int CHILD_WIDTH = 0; private static final int CHILD_HEIGHT = 1; private static final int DEFAULT_CHILD_SIZE = 100; private final int[] childDimensions = new int[2]; private final RecyclerView view; private int childSize = DEFAULT_CHILD_SIZE; private boolean hasChildSize; private int overScrollMode = ViewCompat.OVER_SCROLL_ALWAYS; private final Rect tmpRect = new Rect(); @SuppressWarnings("UnusedDeclaration") public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context) { super(context); this.view = null; } @SuppressWarnings("UnusedDeclaration") public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); this.view = null; } @SuppressWarnings("UnusedDeclaration") public MyLinearLayoutManager(RecyclerView view) { super(view.getContext()); this.view = view; this.overScrollMode = ViewCompat.getOverScrollMode(view); } @SuppressWarnings("UnusedDeclaration") public MyLinearLayoutManager(RecyclerView view, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(view.getContext(), orientation, reverseLayout); this.view = view; this.overScrollMode = ViewCompat.getOverScrollMode(view); } public void setOverScrollMode(int overScrollMode) { if (overScrollMode < ViewCompat.OVER_SCROLL_ALWAYS || overScrollMode > ViewCompat.OVER_SCROLL_NEVER) throw new IllegalArgumentException("Unknown overscroll mode: " + overScrollMode); if (this.view == null) throw new IllegalStateException("view == null"); this.overScrollMode = overScrollMode; ViewCompat.setOverScrollMode(view, overScrollMode); } public static int makeUnspecifiedSpec() { return View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED); } @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); final boolean hasWidthSize = widthMode != View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED; final boolean hasHeightSize = heightMode != View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED; final boolean exactWidth = widthMode == View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY; final boolean exactHeight = heightMode == View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY; final int unspecified = makeUnspecifiedSpec(); if (exactWidth && exactHeight) { // in case of exact calculations for both dimensions let's use default "onMeasure" implementation super.onMeasure(recycler, state, widthSpec, heightSpec); return; } final boolean vertical = getOrientation() == VERTICAL; initChildDimensions(widthSize, heightSize, vertical); int width = 0; int height = 0; // it's possible to get scrap views in recycler which are bound to old (invalid) adapter entities. This // happens because their invalidation happens after "onMeasure" method. As a workaround let's clear the // recycler now (it should not cause any performance issues while scrolling as "onMeasure" is never // called whiles scrolling) recycler.clear(); final int stateItemCount = state.getItemCount(); final int adapterItemCount = getItemCount(); // adapter always contains actual data while state might contain old data (fe data before the animation is // done). As we want to measure the view with actual data we must use data from the adapter and not from the // state for (int i = 0; i < adapterItemCount; i++) { if (vertical) { if (!hasChildSize) { if (i < stateItemCount) { // we should not exceed state count, otherwise we'll get IndexOutOfBoundsException. For such items // we will use previously calculated dimensions measureChild(recycler, i, widthSize, unspecified, childDimensions); } else { logMeasureWarning(i); } } height += childDimensions[CHILD_HEIGHT]; if (i == 0) { width = childDimensions[CHILD_WIDTH]; } if (hasHeightSize && height >= heightSize) { break; } } else { if (!hasChildSize) { if (i < stateItemCount) { // we should not exceed state count, otherwise we'll get IndexOutOfBoundsException. For such items // we will use previously calculated dimensions measureChild(recycler, i, unspecified, heightSize, childDimensions); } else { logMeasureWarning(i); } } width += childDimensions[CHILD_WIDTH]; if (i == 0) { height = childDimensions[CHILD_HEIGHT]; } if (hasWidthSize && width >= widthSize) { break; } } } if (exactWidth) { width = widthSize; } else { width += getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(); if (hasWidthSize) { width = Math.min(width, widthSize); } } if (exactHeight) { height = heightSize; } else { height += getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(); if (hasHeightSize) { height = Math.min(height, heightSize); } } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); if (view != null && overScrollMode == ViewCompat.OVER_SCROLL_IF_CONTENT_SCROLLS) { final boolean fit = (vertical && (!hasHeightSize || height < heightSize)) || (!vertical && (!hasWidthSize || width < widthSize)); ViewCompat.setOverScrollMode(view, fit ? ViewCompat.OVER_SCROLL_NEVER : ViewCompat.OVER_SCROLL_ALWAYS); } } private void logMeasureWarning(int child) { if (BuildConfig.DEBUG) { Log.w("MyLinearLayoutManager", "Can't measure child #" + child + ", previously used dimensions will be reused." + "To remove this message either use #setChildSize() method or don't run RecyclerView animations"); } } private void initChildDimensions(int width, int height, boolean vertical) { if (childDimensions[CHILD_WIDTH] != 0 || childDimensions[CHILD_HEIGHT] != 0) { // already initialized, skipping return; } if (vertical) { childDimensions[CHILD_WIDTH] = width; childDimensions[CHILD_HEIGHT] = childSize; } else { childDimensions[CHILD_WIDTH] = childSize; childDimensions[CHILD_HEIGHT] = height; } } @Override public void setOrientation(int orientation) { // might be called before the constructor of this class is called //noinspection ConstantConditions if (childDimensions != null) { if (getOrientation() != orientation) { childDimensions[CHILD_WIDTH] = 0; childDimensions[CHILD_HEIGHT] = 0; } } super.setOrientation(orientation); } public void clearChildSize() { hasChildSize = false; setChildSize(DEFAULT_CHILD_SIZE); } public void setChildSize(int childSize) { hasChildSize = true; if (this.childSize != childSize) { this.childSize = childSize; requestLayout(); } } private void measureChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSize, int heightSize, int[] dimensions) { final View child; try { child = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); } catch (IndexOutOfBoundsException e) { if (BuildConfig.DEBUG) { Log.w("MyLinearLayoutManager", "MyLinearLayoutManager doesn't work well with animations. Consider switching them off", e); } return; } final RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) child.getLayoutParams(); final int hPadding = getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(); final int vPadding = getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(); final int hMargin = p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; final int vMargin = p.topMargin + p.bottomMargin; // we must make insets dirty in order calculateItemDecorationsForChild to work makeInsetsDirty(p); // this method should be called before any getXxxDecorationXxx() methods calculateItemDecorationsForChild(child, tmpRect); final int hDecoration = getRightDecorationWidth(child) + getLeftDecorationWidth(child); final int vDecoration = getTopDecorationHeight(child) + getBottomDecorationHeight(child); final int childWidthSpec = getChildMeasureSpec(widthSize, hPadding + hMargin + hDecoration, p.width, canScrollHorizontally()); final int childHeightSpec = getChildMeasureSpec(heightSize, vPadding + vMargin + vDecoration, p.height, canScrollVertically()); child.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); dimensions[CHILD_WIDTH] = getDecoratedMeasuredWidth(child) + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; dimensions[CHILD_HEIGHT] = getDecoratedMeasuredHeight(child) + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin; // as view is recycled let's not keep old measured values makeInsetsDirty(p); recycler.recycleView(child); } private static void makeInsetsDirty(RecyclerView.LayoutParams p) { if (!canMakeInsetsDirty) { return; } try { if (insetsDirtyField == null) { insetsDirtyField = RecyclerView.LayoutParams.class.getDeclaredField("mInsetsDirty"); insetsDirtyField.setAccessible(true); } insetsDirtyField.set(p, true); } catch (NoSuchFieldException e) { onMakeInsertDirtyFailed(); } catch (IllegalAccessException e) { onMakeInsertDirtyFailed(); } } private static void onMakeInsertDirtyFailed() { canMakeInsetsDirty = false; if (BuildConfig.DEBUG) { Log.w("MyLinearLayoutManager", "Can't make LayoutParams insets dirty, decorations measurements might be incorrect"); } } } 

La Biblioteca de soporte de Android ahora también maneja la propiedad WRAP_CONTENT. Solo importa esto en tu gradle.

 compile 'com.android.support:recyclerview-v7:23.2.0' 

¡Y hecho!

Según el trabajo de Denis Nek, funciona bien si la sum del ancho del artículo es menor que el tamaño del contenedor. Aparte de eso, hará que la vista del reciclador no sea desplazable y solo mostrará el subconjunto de los datos.

para resolver este problema, modifiqué la solución un poco para que escogiera el mínimo del tamaño proporcionado y el tamaño calculado. vea abajo:

 package com.linkdev.gafi.adapters; import android.content.Context; import android.support.v7.widget.LinearLayoutManager; import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView; import android.view.View; import android.view.ViewGroup; import com.linkdev.gafi.R; public class MyLinearLayoutManager extends LinearLayoutManager { public MyLinearLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); this.c = context; } private Context c; private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); int width = 0; int height = 0; for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); if (getOrientation() == HORIZONTAL) { width = width + mMeasuredDimension[0]; if (i == 0) { height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; } } else { height = height + mMeasuredDimension[1]; if (i == 0) { width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; } } } switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: width = widthSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: height = heightSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } int widthDesired = Math.min(widthSize,width); setMeasuredDimension(widthDesired, height); } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(), p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); measuredDimension[0] = view.getMeasuredWidth() + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; measuredDimension[1] = view.getMeasuredHeight() + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin; recycler.recycleView(view); } }} 

He probado todas las soluciones, son muy útiles, pero esto solo funciona bien para mí

 public class LinearLayoutManager extends android.support.v7.widget.LinearLayoutManager { public LinearLayoutManager(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) { super(context, orientation, reverseLayout); } private int[] mMeasuredDimension = new int[2]; @Override public void onMeasure(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, RecyclerView.State state, int widthSpec, int heightSpec) { final int widthMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(widthSpec); final int heightMode = View.MeasureSpec.getMode(heightSpec); final int widthSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(widthSpec); final int heightSize = View.MeasureSpec.getSize(heightSpec); int width = 0; int height = 0; for (int i = 0; i < getItemCount(); i++) { if (getOrientation() == HORIZONTAL) { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), heightSpec, mMeasuredDimension); width = width + mMeasuredDimension[0]; if (i == 0) { height = mMeasuredDimension[1]; } } else { measureScrapChild(recycler, i, widthSpec, View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(i, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), mMeasuredDimension); height = height + mMeasuredDimension[1]; if (i == 0) { width = mMeasuredDimension[0]; } } } if (height < heightSize || width < widthSize) { switch (widthMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: width = widthSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } switch (heightMode) { case View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: height = heightSize; case View.MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: case View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: } setMeasuredDimension(width, height); } else { super.onMeasure(recycler, state, widthSpec, heightSpec); } } private void measureScrapChild(RecyclerView.Recycler recycler, int position, int widthSpec, int heightSpec, int[] measuredDimension) { View view = recycler.getViewForPosition(position); recycler.bindViewToPosition(view, position); if (view != null) { RecyclerView.LayoutParams p = (RecyclerView.LayoutParams) view.getLayoutParams(); int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(widthSpec, getPaddingLeft() + getPaddingRight(), p.width); int childHeightSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(heightSpec, getPaddingTop() + getPaddingBottom(), p.height); view.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec); measuredDimension[0] = view.getMeasuredWidth() + p.leftMargin + p.rightMargin; measuredDimension[1] = view.getMeasuredHeight() + p.bottomMargin + p.topMargin; recycler.recycleView(view); } } }